One of the most emotionally complex and difficult things a person can experience is taking care of an elderly person. It is estimated that 500,000 Canadians are living with Alzheimer’s disease. Almost half of the informal caregivers in Canada (43 %) are between 45 and 54, many balancing this role with job and family responsibilities. Here are some simple ways to help someone living with dementia.1. Because wandering is also common among people with dementia, safety outside the home is equally important. Make sure your loved one carries identification at all times; include their name, address and emergency contacts 2. Show respect and dignity. Focus on what the person can do, not what they can’t. 3. Be a good listener and be friendly. Support and accept the person, be patient. 4. Do one little thing. Cook a meal or run an errand, it all helps. 5. Make time for everyone - Partners, children and grandchildren will be affected. Could you do something to help one of them? 6. Always identify yourself by name, no matter how well you know the person. Also indicate what you're going to do for or with the person. 7. Always approach the person from the front and never from the back especially if they have impaired vision. 8. Use short and simple instructions. 9. Give the person plenty of time to respond to questions or statements. Offering two choices, for example, is a good idea. 10. Turn negatives into positives. Instead of "don't walk there," say "let's take a walk.". 11. Turn questions into statements. For example, say "let's have lunch," instead of "what would you like for lunch?" 12. Check for food spoilage; your loved may not know when food has gone bad. 13. Check your tone and body language; use positive and friendly facial expressions. 14. Never argue or contradict the person. This could trigger frustration and difficult behaviour. 15. Keep a sense of humour. 16. Show your affection; a hug or touch on the arm speak volumes.Learn more about dementia and how to cope with the condition in this video, produced in partnership with NorQuest College.